What Happens When Someone Has An Aneurysm

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What Happens When Someone Has An Aneurysm – For most people, having an aneurysm is not noticeable. A cerebral (cerebral) aneurysm is a weak and swollen area in the wall of an artery that supplies blood to the brain. In most cases, a brain aneurysm causes no symptoms and goes unnoticed. In rare cases, the brain aneurysm ruptures, releasing blood into the skull and causing a stroke.

When a cerebral aneurysm ruptures, it is called a subarachnoid hemorrhage. Depending on the severity of the hemorrhage, brain damage or death may result.

What Happens When Someone Has An Aneurysm

What Happens When Someone Has An Aneurysm

You can inherit the tendency to form aneurysms, or aneurysms can develop due to hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis) and aging. Some risk factors that can lead to brain aneurysms can be controlled, while others cannot.

Hagley Vascular (dr Daniel Hagley)

These risk factors can increase your risk of developing an aneurysm, or if you’ve had an aneurysm before, can increase your risk of rupture:

Most brain aneurysms are discovered during testing for an unrelated condition. In other cases, an unruptured aneurysm causes problems that press on areas of the brain. When this happens, you may suffer from the following symptoms, depending on the areas of the brain affected and the severity of the aneurysm:

An eye exam may show increased pressure in the brain, including swelling of the optic nerve or bleeding in the retina of the eye. The following tests can be used to diagnose a brain aneurysm and determine the cause of bleeding in the brain:

If you experience any of the following symptoms or notice them in someone you know, please seek medical attention immediately:

Aneurysm: Causes, Symptoms, And Treatments

Treatment depends on your age, the size of the aneurysm, any additional risk factors, and your general health. The experts will discuss your options with you to help you determine your plan.

Since the risk of a small aneurysm rupturing is low and surgery for a brain aneurysm is often risky, your doctor may want to continue to observe your condition rather than perform surgery. However, if your aneurysm is large, causing pain or other symptoms, or if you have had a ruptured aneurysm in the past, your doctor may recommend surgery.

In rare cases, some aneurysms must be surgically removed and the ends of the blood vessels must be sewn together. Sometimes the artery is not long enough to sew and another piece of artery must be used.

What Happens When Someone Has An Aneurysm

Bleeding aneurysms are very serious and in many cases lead to death or disability. Management includes hospitalization and intensive care to relieve pressure in the brain and maintain respiratory and vital functions such as blood pressure, and treatment to prevent bleeding. A brain aneurysm is a small balloon-shaped swelling in the wall of one or more blood vessels that supply the brain. Symptoms usually do not appear until the aneurysm ruptures. Patients then experience an acute onset of severe headache, often described as “the worst headache of my life”. A person suspected of suffering from a ruptured brain aneurysm should seek immediate medical attention. Treatment options include surgery, an endovascular procedure, or, for a small, unruptured aneurysm, observation.

Three Signs Your Bad Headache Might Be A Ruptured Brain Aneurysm

A brain aneurysm is a small balloon-shaped swelling in the wall of one or more blood vessels that supply the brain. It is the result of the weakening of the blood vessel wall. This swelling is full of blood and can cause neurological symptoms when it ruptures or presses on nearby nerves and brain tissue. Cerebral aneurysms can also be called cerebral or intracranial aneurysms.

Brain aneurysms vary in location and type. Most of them occur at an arterial branch point and are located under the brain and at the base of the skull.

Aneurysms can cause symptoms by pressing on nearby nerves and brain tissue. Pain above and behind the eyes, numbness, weakness and/or changes in vision have been reported. However, most patients do not have symptoms until the aneurysm ruptures. This rupture causes bleeding into the subarachnoid space surrounding the brain (subarachnoid hemorrhage). Patients experience an acute onset of severe headache, often described as “the worst headache of my life”. A person suspected of having a cerebral hemorrhage should seek immediate medical attention.

Blood released from a ruptured aneurysm can directly damage brain cells, leading to a variety of neurological deficits depending on where the blood is located in the brain. The bleeding can also increase the pressure inside the head. The blood can prevent the circulation and absorption of normal cerebrospinal fluid around and inside the cavities (ventricles) of the brain, leading to enlargement of the ventricles and a condition known as hydrocephalus. Hydrocephalus is associated with symptoms such as drowsiness and confusion.

Types Of Aneurysm

When blood from a ruptured aneurysm meets the surrounding arteries that supply the brain, it can cause a condition known as vasospasm. The affected artery constricts in response to the leakage of blood, which reduces the transport of oxygen to the brain tissue and can cause strokes and brain damage. Vasospasm is often a delayed response to bleeding from an aneurysm and usually occurs after 3 days and up to 2 weeks after the initial bleeding.

Little is currently known about the exact cause of aneurysms. High blood pressure, smoking, certain genetic disorders (such as autosomal polycystic kidney disease, fibromuscular dysplasia, Marfan syndrome, and Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type IV), and cerebral arteriovenous malformations are associated with aneurysms. of development.

Anyone can develop a brain aneurysm. About 1-5% of the adult population may have a brain aneurysm. Most aneurysms are small and do not rupture during the patient’s lifetime. However, a ruptured aneurysm is seen in about 10 out of every 100,000 people each year in the United States. Risk factors for the formation and rupture of aneurysms include high blood pressure and smoking. Large aneurysms are more likely to rupture than smaller ones.

What Happens When Someone Has An Aneurysm

Your doctor may order several types of tests if you are suspected of having a brain aneurysm or a ruptured aneurysm. Common tests include:

Brain Aneurysm: What It Is, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

The ACT scan may be ordered to look for the possibility of bleeding around and/or in the brain. It is a series of x-ray images collected by a computer. When contrast dye is injected into a vein, a CT scan can also show the vasculature.

Arteriography is often done to see the arteries of the brain and to look for an aneurysm. A catheter is guided through the groin or arm and through the arteries in the neck, where a contrast dye is released into the brain’s vasculature. An X-ray image is then taken to delineate the blood vessels and look for an aneurysm.

A lumbar puncture (or spinal tap) is done to look for blood in the patient’s cerebrospinal fluid if the CT scan is unrevealing. This is done with a needle inserted into the lower spine after applying a local anesthetic.

Treatment options vary depending on the age and condition of the patient, as well as the size, type, and location of the aneurysm. Aneurysms that rupture and cause bleeding (regardless of size) and aneurysms larger than 7mm (even if they have not ruptured) require treatment. Small aneurysms, especially if discovered accidentally and causing no symptoms, can be monitored over time.

Brain Aneurysm: Symptoms, Causes, And Treatment

If an aneurysm does not rupture, the risk of bleeding is estimated at 0.05% per year for aneurysms smaller than 7 mm and about 1% per year for aneurysms larger than 7 mm. Aneurysms can be treated with surgery or an endovascular procedure that does not require opening the skull.

Small, unruptured aneurysms (less than 7mm in diameter) are less likely to rupture and may not be treated. Instead, the aneurysm will be carefully monitored with annual imaging to ensure that it does not grow and the risk of rupture does not increase.

Open surgical treatment through craniotomy consists in cutting the aneurysm. Your surgeon will temporarily remove a small piece of the skull and cut the outer covering of the brain, locate the aneurysm, then place a small titanium clip over the neck of the aneurysm to cut off the flow of his blood, which prevents any future bleeding from the aneurysm.aneurysm.

What Happens When Someone Has An Aneurysm

Figure 4. Surgical approach and craniotomy incision (in blue) (left) and surgical excision of a giant aneurysm (right).

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

Alternatively, the surgeon can perform a similar procedure known as occlusion; the entire artery from which the aneurysm originates is severed. This procedure is usually necessary when the aneurysm has damaged the blood vessels or is not subject to other treatments.

Since the occlusion of an artery cuts off all blood flow from that vessel, a bypass can be done to restore blood flow to the part of the brain supplied by that artery . Bypass surgery involves grafting a small artery to reroute blood flow around the cut section and behind the aneurysm.

If the patient has a ruptured aneurysm, additional treatments may be required. A shunt or drain may be placed in the ventricles or in the skull to relieve pressure from fluid build-up due to bleeding. Appropriate medications can be given to prevent vasospasm or the possibility of seizures. The patient’s blood pressure will be monitored and controlled with medication to prevent further bleeding.

The average hospital stay is 2 to 3 days for the treatment of an unruptured aneurysm and at least 9 to 18 days for the treatment of

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: Treatment

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